DES MOINES — Dozens of new laws go on Iowa’s books Sunday, but most Iowans will not immediately feel the impact of some of the most high-profile changes.
A new ban on abortions after a fetal heartbeat is detected is tied up in the courts. State income tax cuts will not be felt until the 2019 tax season. New funding for water quality projects will take time to accumulate and be dispersed.
But there are many new laws passed in the 2018 legislative session earlier this year that will have an immediate impact on Iowans.
Two new laws impact drunken driving penalties, but advocates for stronger laws say they will have opposing effects on the campaign to crack down.
One new law requires all first-time drunken driving offenders to have an ignition interlock device installed on their vehicles as a condition of receiving a temporary restricted license.
The device requires the driver to blow into it. If it detects alcohol, the vehicle will not start.
The new law was hailed as a positive step toward reducing repeat drunken drivers.
Another new law limits lawsuits against businesses that serve too much alcohol to individuals who later are found to be driving drunk. Proponents said the limits help businesses afford insurance. Opponents said they will take a tool away from discouraging drunken driving.
Public official promotion
Iowans should start seeing fewer elected officials’ faces on official government literature after a new law was designed to crack down on the use of taxpayer funds for self-promotion.
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The law prohibits statewide elected officials and state legislators from using state funds to promote themselves by projecting their name, image or voice as part of an advertisement.
State treasurer Michael Fitzgerald told the Associated Press he believes the law was politically motivated and directed at him. For years, the Democrat has appeared in television advertisements promoting a state-sponsored college savings program.
But other state agencies and departments could also be forced to adjust to the new law, which will be enforced by the state ethics and campaign disclosure board. Gov. Kim Reynolds’ image, for example, appears on state maps and many officials place their own images on state fair booths.
Starting Sunday, anyone who prescribes medication will be required to check a state database before prescribing opioid painkillers. The law is designed to curtail doctor-shopping, in which an individual addicted to opioids acquires painkillers from multiple prescribers.
As part of the same effort, pharmacies also must report prescriptions to the state database within 24 hours, and the state licensing board may penalize providers who overprescribe.
And a “good Samaritan” law goes on the books. Any individual who reports a drug-related emergency to first responders or authorities is provided temporary immunity from criminal liability.
Cities are required to cooperate with federal immigration enforcement officials, and failure to do so could result in a loss of state funding.
Reynolds said recently she does not believe any Iowa cities currently have policies that would put them in non-compliance with the new law. She said she believes, in the name of public safety, it is fair to expect local law enforcement officials to cooperate with federal officials.
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Opponents said the law was politically motivated, and local law enforcement officials said it could hurt their efforts by creating distrust in their communities.
Many new laws going into effect Sunday will impact schools.
One requires both public and private school districts to have in place by June 30, 2019, security plans for dealing with an active school shooter and natural disasters.
School lunch shaming
Schools are barred from punishing or shaming any student who owes money for school meals. Incidents of school lunch shaming have been reported in other states; Iowa lawmakers this year were proactive in banning the practice.
Annual training in suicide prevention is required for all licensed school employees.
The national suicide rate for teens went up more than 70 percent between 2006 and 2016, according to federal data.