Number of Iowa traffic deaths no longer declining; texting while driving may be to blame
Law enforcement push to make texting while driving a primary offense
Gazette-Lee Des Moines Bureau
DES MOINES — The number of traffic deaths in Iowa has stagnated over the past three years after decades of steadily falling numbers.
Some public safety officials think mobile phone use while driving may be part of the problem.
More than half of traffic deaths involve one vehicle leaving its lane, “and we believe a huge portion of those are distracted driving crashes,” said Pat Hoye, chief of the Governor’s Traffic Safety Bureau and a former Iowa State Patrol chief.
Iowa lawmakers have been wrestling with whether to strengthen the state’s texting-while-driving law. Right now, drivers may not text while driving, but police cannot stop a driver for texting. Officers may cite drivers for texting only after stopping the driver for a separate offense.
John Godar, president of the Iowa State Sheriffs’ and Deputies’ Association and a Linn County deputy, said the association plans in 2017 to introduce and advocate for legislation that would require hands-free phone use in a moving vehicle.
There were 321 traffic fatalities in Iowa in 2015. That’s similar to the 322 traffic deaths in 2014 and 317 in 2013. The number of fatalities is on pace to increase slightly in 2016, according to the Iowa Department of Transportation.
Despite some short-term peaks and valleys, Iowa traffic deaths have steadily decreased over the past 46 years: There were 912 traffic deaths in Iowa in 1970, the farthest back the state DOT keeps such data, and that plunged to 626 traffic deaths in 1980, 464 in 1990 and 445 in 2000.
Traffic deaths dipped below 400 in 2009 and continued to fall, but they have leveled off from 2013 to 2016.
“You want to continue to see that go down, and over the last three years, we have plateaued,” Hoye said. “You want to see a drop every year, obviously. … It seems like we’ve stagnated over the last three years.”
Iowa’s numbers appear similar to a national trend, which shows traffic fatalities rising slightly after years of reductions.
The good news in Iowa is while traffic fatalities have stopped falling, the rate of fatalities relative to miles driven continues to drop, albeit slightly, because while fatalities are leveling off, people are driving more.
There were 10 traffic fatalities for every 1 million miles driven on Iowa roads in 2014, the last year both sets of data are available. That’s down from 12 fatalities per 1 million miles driven in 2010, and a long way down from 57 deaths per million miles in 1970.
Safety improvements to vehicle and roadway designs, increased seat belt use and reduced rates of drunken driving have resulted in the long-term reductions in traffic fatalities, officials said.
Hoye said compliance with the state’s front-seat seat belt law has risen from the mid-80s to 93 percent but has “kind of stalled” there.
“You’re not going to have the great success you want unless we do something in that arena (of seat belt use),” Hoye said.
Similarly, Hoye said the percent of traffic fatalities that are alcohol-related has hovered around 30 percent in recent years.
“To me, that’s an ‘Are you kidding me,’ because we’ve been talking about (the perils of drunken driving) forever,” said Steve Gent, the Iowa DOT’s director of traffic and safety.
Hoye and Gent said an all-occupant seat belt law would help reduce traffic deaths. Of the 51 traffic deaths thus far in 2016 in Iowa, roughly half of the individuals who died were not wearing a seat belt, Gent said.
Ignition interlocks, which prevent a vehicle from starting until the driver blows sober breath into the device, would help drop the number of alcohol-related traffic deaths, Hoye said.