WASHINGTON — Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand, D-N.Y., a central figure in the Democratic Party’s debate about the MeToo movement, is preparing to join a 2020 presidential primary contest that features a record number of women in the wake of the midterm election tidal wave of female candidates.
Gillibrand, 52, is expected to announce formation of a presidential exploratory committee on “The Late Show With Stephen Colbert” on Tuesday night, in advance of a weekend trip to Iowa, where the first 2020 Democratic contest will be held.
She will join a rapidly growing field that for the first time will offer Democrats a wide choice among female candidates. Hillary Clinton in 2016 faced an all-male Democratic field before she became the first woman to win a major party nomination. Disappointment over her upset loss to Donald Trump and continuing debate over why she failed is already shadowing the efforts of women who now follow.
The 2020 lineup already includes Sen. Elizabeth Warren of Massachusetts and Rep. Tulsi Gabbard of Hawaii, who were among the first to take formal steps to enter the race. Sen. Kamala Harris of California has just completed a book tour and is expected to make a formal announcement this month. Sen. Amy Klobuchar of Minnesota is also considering a run and said in a television interview Tuesday that her family supports the idea of her running.
The only time more than one Democratic woman ran in the presidential primaries was in 1972, according to the Center for American Women and Politics at Rutgers University. That year, Reps. Shirley Chisholm of New York and Patsy Mink of Hawaii both ran, although, unlike this year, neither was considered among the top tier of candidates.
Gillibrand is expected to open her campaign headquarters in Troy, N.Y., a city near Albany that was part of her congressional district when she served in the House from 2007 to 2009.
Gillibrand was appointed to the Senate in 2009 after Clinton left to become secretary of state in the Obama administration. In the Senate, she has staked out a more liberal profile than she had in the House, when she represented a district that is more Republican and rural than the state as a whole and took more conservative positions on immigration and gun rights, among other issues.
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In the Senate, she has been an advocate for gay rights, helping push for repeal of the military’s “don’t ask, don’t tell” policy. She spearheaded legislation combating sexual assault in the military. Her political action committee, called Off the Sidelines, focuses on helping female candidates, and she raised $7.1 million for them in the 2018 midterms.
Among 2020 candidates, Gillibrand is likely to lean the hardest into her record as an advocate for women.
Her record on issues of particular concern to women, however, has not been without controversy within the Democratic Party. In 2017, in the early, stormy days of the MeToo movement, she was the first senator to call for Democratic Sen. Al Franken of Minnesota to resign after multiple accounts of sexual misconduct.
Gillibrand was applauded by many women, but other Democrats allied with Franken viewed her statements as a rush to judgment and hold a grudge against her for leading the charge.
Also in 2017, Gillibrand stirred an uncomfortable debate among women and many fellow Democrats by saying in an interview that former President Bill Clinton should have stepped down after his relationship with White House intern Monica S. Lewinsky was revealed. Her remark came at a time Republicans were grappling with sexual assault allegations against Alabama Senate candidate Roy Moore as well as longstanding allegations about Trump.
Many Clinton loyalists viewed Gillibrand’s comments as a betrayal.
Philippe Reines, a top aide to Hillary Clinton, upbraided Gillibrand on Twitter. “Over 20 yrs you took the Clintons’ endorsements, money, and seat. Hypocrite,” he wrote on Twitter. “Interesting strategy for 2020 primaries. Best of luck.”
Gillibrand has been a leading Trump critic and endeared herself to the anti-Trump resistance by being the Senate Democrat who voted most consistently against the president’s nominees. She was the only senator to vote against James Mattis’ nomination to be defense secretary, which was approved 99-1.