Business

Chevron walks away from $33 billion deal to buy Anadarko

One of the key attractions of Anadarko was its presence in the Permian Basin of West Texas and New Mexico, which has evolved into the world’s most prolific oil field. (Reuters)
One of the key attractions of Anadarko was its presence in the Permian Basin of West Texas and New Mexico, which has evolved into the world’s most prolific oil field. (Reuters)
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Chevron is abandoning its $33 billion offer for oil driller Anadarko Petroleum, the culmination of a monthlong bidding war in which Occidental Petroleum prevailed over a rival five times its size.

The most ambitious foray of Chevron CEO Mike Wirth’s tenure ended Thursday after the world’s third-largest oil explorer by market value elected not to sweeten an offer that fell out of favor with Anadarko directors.

Chevron said it will collect a $1 billion termination fee and plans to increase its share buybacks by 25 percent.

Anadarko’s board embraced the Occidental proposal as superior on Monday, giving Chevron up to four days to come back with a revised offer.

Anadarko was looking for Chevron to match or exceed Occidental’s proposal, people familiar with the matter said Wednesday. However, Chevron indicated that topping its rival’s offer was too risky.

“Winning in any environment doesn’t mean winning at any cost,” Wirth said in a statement. “Cost and capital discipline always matter, and we will not dilute our returns or erode value for our shareholders for the sake of doing a deal.”

Chevron’s departure leaves Occidental free to proceed with its $38 billion takeover of Anadarko that will double the acquirer’s daily output to the equivalent of more than 1.3 million barrels, on par with OPEC members Angola or Libya.

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The outcome also vindicates Occidental CEO Vicki Hollub, whose opening appeals to Anadarko were pilloried by prominent investors and analysts as an overreach.

“Occidental’s hard work is just beginning after Anadarko accepted its higher — raised to 78 percent cash — offer, while Chevron declined to match that. Although it seems Occidental has won the battle, we believe the higher cash offer blunts the requirement to win shareholder approval, which could alienate investors,” Bloomberg Intelligence analysts Vincent G. Piazza and Evan Lee wrote in a note.

Chevron is entitled to the $1 billion breakup fee under the terms of its April 12 merger agreement, which it said it now expects Anadarko to terminate. An Anadarko spokesman didn’t immediately respond to a request for comment.

“We look forward to signing a merger agreement with Anadarko and realizing value for our stakeholders as soon as possible,” Occidental said in a statement.

“Chevron did exactly the right thing and walked away,” Mizuho Securities analyst Paul Sankey said in a note. He added that some Mizuho clients “hated that the last decently performing sector in energy — megacap oil — was potentially losing its capital discipline.”

Chevron rose 3.2 percent, to $121.24 a share, at 9:38 a.m. in New York on Thursday. Occidental fell as much as 6.8 percent, its biggest intraday decline since November 2016.

Anadarko dropped 2.8 percent, to $73.77.

Since the bidding war erupted publicly last month, Occidental’s smaller size and financial resources relative to Chevron handicapped its pursuit of Anadarko.

Houston-based Occidental’s stock was seen as a less-robust currency than Chevron’s, a defect Hollub cured by lining up support from Warren Buffett and Total, and upping the cash portion of her bid to 78 percent from 50 percent.

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For Chevron’s Wirth, the focus now shifts to what to do with the company’s $74 billion pile of cash and unused shares.

One of the key attractions of Anadarko was its presence in the Permian Basin of West Texas and New Mexico, which has evolved into the world’s most prolific oil field.

Replete with oil-exploration companies, the region may represent Chevron’s richest hunting ground.

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