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Support for public education measures runs rampant through the expansive Democratic presidential primary field.
The candidates have introduced a wide array of policy proposals designed to show their support for public schools, K-through-12 and beyond.
One consistent point of agreement among the candidates is the need to install a federal education secretary with public school experience. It is a virtually automatic and vociferous applause line each time a Democratic presidential candidate on the campaign trail pledges to appoint a secretary unlike current Secretary Betsy DeVos, a staunch supporter of school choice and voucher programs that public education advocates say take resources away from public schools.
Some candidates have proposed ways to boost teacher pay in K-12 schools and provide free access to preschool for 3- and 4-year-olds.
But some of the sharpest disagreements relate to post-high school education.
Like the Medicare-for-all debate in health care, tuition-free college provides a dividing line among the Democratic candidates. But all proposals are aimed at a pair of flash points for college students and their families: the rising cost of tuition and ballooning student loan debt.
The cost of tuition has more than doubled in the past 20 years, and student loan debt, at $1.6 trillion, has exceeded car loan and credit card debt in the U.S.
Some, like Bernie Sanders and Elizabeth Warren, are proposing tuition-free college for all and eliminating student loan debt.
Others have proposed more modest steps. Joe Biden, for example, has pitched tuition-free two-year community college, while Pete Buttigieg has proposed making tuition free just for students from low-income families.
The candidates also have proposed various ways to support technical training and apprenticeship programs as businesses search for workers at a time of low unemployment in Iowa and across the country.
' Education priority is to make two-year community college tuition-free.
' Double Pell Grants from $6,000 to $12,000.
' Raise teachers' salaries.
' Increase federal funding for public schools.
' Staff schools with more social workers.
' 'Free college for those who need it,” or free public school tuition for families earning less than $100,000.
' $120 billion will be added to the Pell Grant program.
' Students who serve 10 years in government or nonprofits will have their debts fully canceled. Debts also will be canceled for 'borrowers who attended unaffordable for-profit programs.”
' $700 billion invested in universal full-day child care and pre-K for all children under 5.
' Triple the funding for Title I schools, or schools with high proportions of low-income students. Schools will be required to use the new funds to close the teacher salary gap.
' For-profit charter schools will be banned.
' The campaign puts a price tag of $425 billion over 10 years on the K-12 plan, which would be funded through a variety of existing streams and through increases of capital gains tax, as well as a repeal of Trump's corporate tax cuts.
' Increase teacher pay
' Increase federal funding for public schools. Klobuchar's 'Progress Partnerships” plan is a partnership between federal and state governments that will provide more funding and additional resources.
' Boost STEM education.
' Provide funding for to repair infrastructure in public schools.
' Tuition-free one- and two-year community college degrees and technical certifications; more apprenticeship opportunities.
' Provide free tuition for all public colleges, universities and trade schools.
' Cancel all student loan debt for the 45 million Americans who owe about $1.6 trillion. Place a cap on student loan interest rates going forward at 1.88 percent.
' Invest $1.3 billion every year in private, nonprofit historically black colleges and universities and minority-serving institutions.
' Set teachers' salaries starting at $60,000, expand collective bargaining rights, teacher tenure and provide funding for out-of-pocket expenses like classroom materials.
' Give all students free school meals with locally sourced food.
' Rebuild, modernize and 'green” all schools.
' Quadruple Title I funding for schools with high proportions of low-income students, for an extra $450 billion over a decade.
' Prohibit the use of standardized testing as a 'primary or significant factor” in making any 'high-stakes decisions,” such as closing a school or firing a teacher.
' Cancel up to $50,000 in student loan debt for each of more than 42 million Americans.
' Free two- and four-year public colleges, funded by her 'Ultra-Millionaire Tax” on the wealth of families with $50 million or more.